"Old cop just keeps on, 'MOP! MOP!...BE-BOP!...MOP!' That's where Be-Bop came from, beaten right out of some Negro's head into them horns and saxophones and piano keys that plays it..."
(From The Best of Simple, Copyright 1961 by Langston Hughes, reprinted in Black Nationalism and the Revolution in Music by Frank Kofsky, Copyright 1970 Pathfinder Press)
Jazz and the Civil Rights Movement - How Jazz Musicians Spoke Out for Racial Equality By Jacob Teichroew, About.com
(Image: We Insist! Max Roach's Freedom Now Suite, 1960)