Monday, September 06, 2010

Bauhaus 1919-1933




Walter Gropius’ Bauhaus Building, Dessau



Architect Walter Gropius


(Image: From 90 Years of Bauhaus - designrelated.com)

"The Bauhaus began with an utopian definition: "The building of the future" was to combine all the arts in ideal unity. This required a new type of artist beyond academic specialisation, for whom the Bauhaus would offer adequate education. In order to reach this goal, the founder, Walter Gropius, saw the necessity to develop new teaching methods and was convinced that the base for any art was to be found in handcraft: "the school will gradually turn into a workshop". Indeed, artists and craftsmen directed classes and production together at the Bauhaus in Weimar. This was intended to remove any distinction between fine arts and applied arts." Read on: Bauhaus 1919-33 - Bauhaus-archiv

Visit Bauhaus-archiv museum of design: Bauhaus.de

From Bauhaus Dessau:

Bauhaus 1919-1933
"The Bauhaus occupies a place of its own in the history of 20th century culture, architecture, design, art and new media. One of the first schools of design, it brought together a number of the most outstanding contemporary architects and artists and was not only an innovative training centre but also a place of production and a focus of international debate. At a time when industrial society was in the grip of a crisis, the Bauhaus stood almost alone in asking how the modernisation process could be mastered by means of design.

"Founded in Weimar in 1919, the Bauhaus rallied masters and students who sought to reverse the split between art and production by returning to the crafts as the foundation of all artistic activity and developing exemplary designs for objects and spaces that were to form part of a more human future society. Following intense internal debate, in 1923 the Bauhaus turned its attention to industry under its founder and first director Walter Gropius (1883–1969).

"(...) Under Ludwig Mies van der Rohe (1886–1969) the Bauhaus developed from 1930 into a technical school of architecture with subsidiary art and workshop departments. After the Nazis became the biggest party in Dessau at the elections, the Bauhaus was forced to move in September 1932. It moved to Berlin but only lasted for a short time longer. The Bauhaus dissolved itself under pressure from the Nazis in 1933." Read more at bauhaus-dessau.de

Related links:

"As soon as the Bauhaus was opened in April of 1919, opposition against the school was strong. Opponents of Bauhaus labeled the school "expressionistic," stigmatizing it as inferior, subversive, and anti-German. In 1921, responding to anti-Bauhaus pressure, the Academy of Art was reinstituted in the right wing of the main Bauhaus building." Poitics at Bauhaus, Weimer - Parsons The New School for Design, a.parsons.edu


Bauhaus artists
"Bauhaus was not a formal group, but rather a school. Its three architect-directors (Walter Gropius, Hannes Meyer, and Ludwig Mies van der Rohe) are most closely associated with Bauhaus. Furthermore a large number of outstanding artists of their time were lecturers at Bauhaus: Anni Albers, Josef Albers, Herbert Bayer, Max Bill, Marianne Brandt, Marcel Breuer, Avgust Černigoj, Christian Dell, Werner Drewes, Lyonel Feininger, Naum Gabo, Ludwig Hilberseimer, Ludwig Hirschfeld Mack, Johannes Itten, Wassily Kandinsky, Paul Klee, Otto Lindig, Gerhard Marcks, László Moholy-Nagy, Piet Mondrian, Oskar Schlemmer, Lothar Schreyer, Joost Schmidt, Naum Slutzky, Gunta Stölzl" Read more: Bauhaus on Wikipedia


Marcel Breuer
Wassily Chair
1927-28
Museum of Modern Art


(Image: The Bauhaus in History by Ben Davis, Artnet.com)